Cruising through Kinnaur - Spiti
The best entry point if you choose to do Kinnaur valley first would be Shimla. Alternately, the Leh Manali highway has a cut at Grampho once you ascend the Rohtaang from Manali. This road will take you to Bataal first and you can then descend the Spiti. First things first, choose your carrier wisely. Ample ground clearance is a must for the Chandrataal-Bataal stretch as this segment has practically no roads and you will need to literally cruise through a river bed. Go for sturdier and heavier vehicles. A habit to have driven your carrier over varied terrains will only help. People do pool in and take cars on rent but you need to be an ace driver to pull something like that off in this dangerously treacherous terrain. In the end however, the effort will be all worth it!
Kinnaur valley –
Shimla – Sangla
The Shimla-Kufri-Narkhanda stretch is ornamented with pine trees on both sides and slightly peeking rocky terrains that make a perfect backdrop for photography enthusiasts. The bird-chirp against this backdrop amidst all the quiet is so soothing; a quick halt is recommended. You will need to look for other halting places to get that panoramic view of the valley, not yet so far below, for Spiti will make you miss all this vegetation. NH 22 with its beautiful curves and pleasant weather prepares you for the onward journey. Hold on to your excitement for the river belts are yet to come in sight.
|A driver's paradise!|
Naarkhanda onwards, the Kingal-Sainj-Nirath-Rampur stretch is pretty unadventurous but you can enjoy the drive! The 412 MW Hydroelectricity Project at Rampur comes as a surprise with artificial facades built over the river bed completely contrasting the natural landscapes. Sutlej now comes into full view somewhere around Sainj, flowing platonically and diminishing in size as you gain altitude.
A particular Café Sutlej at Rampur can be a good halt to satiate hunger pangs and besides, it overlooks the Sutlej; so the view is terrific!
|The man-made amidst the mightly nature! @Rampur|
The next stretch is the Jakhri-Dhar-Jeori-Wangtu axis. Beautiful roads again and you bless the local transport authority for having given this region a lifeline, its roads and the HP State Transport buses. Himachali drivers are touted to be one of the best in the country, what with having to man such enormous vehicles on miniscule roads and turns that will make you go weak in the tummy! Give them the right of the way.
|That click in the rear-view mirror was an achievement! Take a bow HRTC!|
It is best to keep within all limits, be it lanes or speeds. Some of the stretches of the roads are so smooth that you will get carried away. You must therefore not, get, carried, away.
Wangtu will again surprise you with a 1000 MW Hydroelectricity Project and a left turn thereon takes you to Karcham. The project has diverted the road and you need to cross the river to be able to proceed. Be satisfied that connectivity has been provided. This is a rough single lane dirt road so drive carefully. Besides, you will gain significant altitude and lose it all again to get near to Karcham. This is where HP State Transport buses will be a great morale booster! If they can do it, so can you. Besides, your vehicle is one third the size of theirs!
For adventure enthusiasts, take a right from Karcham where Baspa meets Sutlej to go to Sangla, Rakcham and Chitkul. Such scenic and beautiful vistas are not to be missed, both in summers and winters. Lush green or serene white blanketed mountain slopes will welcome you.
|En route to Sangla..|
|A sumptuous meal at Rakcham!|
|En route to Chitkul!|
|As Chitkul welcomes you..|
These views are replaced by slightly barren terrain as you approach Chitkul, the last Indian village and one of the smallest ones of the valley. At 3480 m, complete barren mountain peaks with pointy tops now come into view as you reach Chitkul. With the ITBP guarding this border and China now a nearer neighbour, this little wonderland looks straight out of a fairy tale! From a driving perspective, this can be the best stretch of the journey with gushing waters way below and miniature settlements pecked neatly into the mountains.
|Spot those tiny settlements!|
|Sangla onward to Chitkul..|
|By the Baspa!|
|Apple orchards in Sangla!|
Back on the main axis, continue Powari onwards to Rekong Peo, one of the central places of Kinnaur. Fill up your tank at Powari for there is no petrol pump till Kaza. Visit Kalpa for Mount Kinner Kailash pe(e)ak and a smaller place called Kothi where thrives Hinduism, is a must halt. Also, one of the few places where polyandry is still practiced.
|Bhairav Mandir, Kothi, Rekong Peo!|
Winding roads through pine forests to reach Kalpa is a delight for the one at the wheel although descend carefully. Once you start towards Pooh again, cut-mountains will start coming into view. The road gets difficult now and hereafter called the Hindustan Tibet Highway, will change your parameters of a highway.
Pooh-Namgya-Khab axis is quite comfortable though. Stop at Sutlej-Spiti confluence just before Khab!
Landscapes go for a makeover from vegetation to wretched and barren ones and
start resembling Hunder from Ladakh. Tip : A common practice here is for locals
to ask for lifts. The remote places see buses plying only once or twice a day.
Be generous and offer help.
|Spiti-Sutlej confluence at the Khab bridge!|
Molling onwards, you can take a detour to Nako. The climb is sudden and challenging. Nako houses a monastery and a beautiful lake!
|Locals at Nako!|
And then comes the most deadly stretch ever. The Molling Nalla. No point in suggesting a slow drive for you will not have another choice but this is one great experience! The descent is quite bad as you are at almost 15000 feet and you can see the valley. The co-navigator has to have a cool head for he or she is the one who sees the valley. Motivate thy driver and make this experience an unforgettable one!
|And begins the Spiti valley! Leaving Kinnaur behind.|
Back on the main axis, next destination is Sumdo. Spiti valley begins here. Go off axis again and visit Geyu, the closest village to China that also houses a 500 year-old Lama mummy. Rare sighting! A picturesque village with about 250 habitants, cover yourself up before getting here for it is very windy at the monastery. You can take your vehicle right up to it.
|At Geyu Monastery. Beyond the sunlit ridge is China.|
Sumdo-Hoorling-Tibda-Tabo has motorable roads and Tabo has good homestays for taking a halt and a monastery.
Tabo-Dhankad-Attargo-Lidang-Kaza can be a one day journey. Dhankad is 8 kilometers off axis but not to be missed. The climb is again altitude-gaining and winding. Dhankad monastery, cut out in a hill with monks staying on the top floor and Spiti looking hair-like far below is an unforgettable memoir! A 2 hour trek will also take you to Dhankad lake nearby. You may descend via the same route or an alternate one from the other side. Once you reach Kaza, fill up your tank and you can stay put here. It’s a bigger town with a market place and other essentials.
|En route to Dhankad, a random click!|
Kaza – Langza – Komik – Kye – Kibber - Losar
Supposedly the highest village of Spiti, Langza has much more to offer than that. Kaza-Langza drive is again a sudden climb and you can get altitude sickness. Hereafter, you will gain altitude as you ascend Spiti. A diversion mid-way to go to Komik first can also be taken. Langza houses a big open space Buddha statue on an elevated mound, right in the middle of the village. You can drive right up to the spot, circle it as if in a temple while the towering figurine gives you its blessings for the upcoming Batal adventure! The village is also famous for fossils and you may collect some. Continue to Komik via Hikim that houses the world’s highest post office. You will need to park and walk into the village to get here. Be attentive with turns and navigation for GPS might not function in most of the places in Spiti and you will not see a soul to ask for directions unless you walk in to their habitations.
|A few houses and habitants and the valley comes alive!|
|The huge Buddha statue sitting tall to guard the locals.|
The drive ahead to Kye and Kibber are a breeze. Roads are in good condition. The last few kilometers to Kibber is dirt road but the view atop is mesmerizing. Very windy and cold here, so be prepared. Drive back to Kaza on the same axis and continue to Losar. The vistas all along the Spiti are barren and yet so beautiful! Strokes of rouge and browns make you wonder what mineral these mountains house! The Hanse-Losar stretch of the road is in not a good shape but again, motorable.
|A peeping peak!|
|Komik village. Nothing funny about the village but the board sure is. ;)|
|World's highest post office!|
Losar – Chandra Taal – Bataal – Grampo
This is the last stretch of your travel and the one that can give the Molling Nalla a competition. Although, admittedly, this route is safer as compared to the Nalla for you are right in the middle of the river bed. Losar onwards, you first cross the Kunzum La. The scaling up the pass is slightly tough. Again, encircle the stupa at Kunzum La, going by popular belief and continue towards Bataal. This is a long dirt road with a few tricky curves.
A diversion en route to Baatal will go to Chandrataal. It’s a 13 kilometre drive from the main road. Again, risky business so keep your cool. Vehicles are not allowed post the camp sites at Chandrataal so the actual lake is accessible on foot post a 2 kilometer walk. Travel in local gypsies or trek the first part of the route and then walk it up to the pristine clear waters. Something close to Pangong Tso! Try and catch a glimpse of it in the morning rays, an unforgetful sight!
|The breath-taking Chandra Taal!|
|Day break at Chandra Taal!|
|En route to Bataal!|
Once you join the main road, continue towards Bataal and this last leg will need the most of your patience. There are no roads and river bed is the only route to be taken. Hence, avoid a pillion if you are riding. Forceful gushes of water might at times make navigation difficult. Also, higher ground elevation will become a necessity here. Road construction ahead of this stretch is a continued affair when the region opens up to traffic, so be co-operative. The BRO and its JCB’s are doing a wonderful job in the region just ensuring connectivity. Besides, the whole purpose of a great drive/ride would have been defeated were there to be good roads all along the way! Once you reach Grampho, you can either take a right and continue Leh-onward or the left will take you to Rohtang and you can further descend towards Manali.
The Do’s –
- Service your vehicle well before leaving. Have a spare tyre, a puncture kit and an air pump ready to use and know how to use them!
- Keep dry snacks, plenty of water and high altitude medication handy. Carry an oxygen cylinder if required. If you have a medical history, consult your doctor before embarking upon the journey. The highest point you will reach is around 15000 feet.
- Read well about distances and inquire about the road conditions on a daily basis. Chat with locals for they are your best guides.
The Don’t’s –
- Do not over speed or cut lanes for the entirety of the terrain is hilly and new to you.
- Do not disrespect the local culture, traditions or beliefs of the people. Remember, you chose to go there!